عنوان مقاله [English]
This study compares the main principles, principles and characteristics of velaei society , principles and main characteristics of Western civil society from the perspective of Western political thinkers about Western civil society and great Shiite thinkers and jurists about Western civil society and velaei society as The most important competing theoretical models for governance in the contemporary world were discussed and the following achievements were achieved:
The velaei society is based on monotheism, prophecy, resurrection, justice, Imamate, ethics, jurisprudential sub-rules and rules, and human dignity. Whereas Western civil society is based on humanism, individualism, pluralism, rationality, instrumentalism, secularism, liberalism, and democracy; Therefore, there is no agreement between the two societies;
In components and values; Concepts such as: human dignity, sovereignty, the need for government, legitimacy, separation of powers, citizen participation, rule of law, justice, freedom, equality, rationality, democracy, the duties and powers of rulers, the duties and powers of the people , in western civil society and velaei society , which are apparently common but quite different in content and often contradictory.
This difference and contradiction is due to the attitude of both societies towards the world and man and the origin and resurrection.